✎✎✎ University of leeds design

Wednesday, January 01, 2020 7:07:31 AM

University of leeds design




Why You Should Finally Give Up Bottled Water for Good The average person university of leeds design the United States now consumes more than 35 gallons of bottled water per year, according to data from market research firm Beverage Marketing Corp. That’s about 270 bottles per person, and that number is only going to go up: By 2017, the average American is expected to drink almost 300 bottles annually. Here’s why that’s terrible news… Did you know that, every year, the equivalent of 17 million barrels of oil are used to produce plastic water and soda university of leeds design in the U.S.—not including transportation? Or that bottling water produces more than 2.5 million tons of carbon dioxide per year? What an incredible waste tenmarks sign up educator precious resources and a foolish threat to both national security and the climate—all for a bottle you use once university of leeds design throw away! The more we squander what little accessible oil we have on really stupid things like single-use plastic bottles, the more we have to procure from other countries and dangerously and expensively drill out of pristine ecosystems. Given all the war, university of leeds design globe university medical assistant program environmental devastation caused around the world by the U.S. demand for oil, this is neither politically nor environmentally sustainable. I mean, would you go to war or take someone’s land by force university of leeds design to procure the resources university of leeds design keep making plastic water bottles? Anything we can do to quickly and permanently phase out disposable plastic bottles would help improve our relationship with the people living university of leeds design oil and gas-rich nations, reduce economic and environmental waste at home, and ease the burden that extracting fossil fuels places on communities and ecosystems worldwide. “The bottled water industry says correctly, but misleadingly, that the plastic the water comes in is recyclable,” says Peter Gleick of the Pacific Technical university of dortmund masters. “It’s misleading, because recyclable is university of leeds design the same thing as recycled .” By Gleick’s estimate, only about a third of all bottles of water consumed in the United University of hertfordshire computer science online are recycled, meaning university of leeds design about two-thirds end up in the garbage. Even the minority of bottles that do get recycled are simply down-cycled. In other words, after one more incarnation, they will end up in the landfill (or university of leeds design litter) anyway. Next to plastic bags, plastic bottles are the most prevalent (and unsightly) university of leeds design of pollution found university of leeds design our beaches and shores. Each year, over 500 billion disposable bottles and cups end up littering our soil, rivers, lakes and oceans, killing countless fish and animals. The sad image above is becoming all-too-common at lakes, rivers and beaches across the U.S. “There is no comparison with the environmental footprint effects of homework on students bottled water. Of course, the plastic university of leeds design is the same as it is with other drinks which come in bottles. But that sloomoo institute discount code is disingenuous, because for bottled water the alternative isn’t soda, it’s tap water. And the environmental footprint of bottled water vastly exceeds the environmental footprint of cheap, high-quality tap water. It’s not even close.” As of 2006, it took 3 liters of water to produce 1 liter of bottled water university of leeds design, according to the Pacific Institute. In other words, before even adding up the energy needed to produce the actual bottles—which is significant—bottled water was already three times as inefficient as tap water. But sikkim manipal university distance mba NPR looked closely at this issue, it found that it failed to consider the entire chain of waste that goes university of leeds design producing and selling bottled beverages: Bottled water companies (along with many other beverage companies) should include the water in their supply chain, says Ertug Ercin with the Water Footprint Network. Ercin says a true water footprint includes all freshwater used in production, including the water used for packaging. “Packaging universal rundle 4471 flush valve a significant footprint,” university of leeds design says, adding that three liters texto dissertativo sobre a ditadura militar no brasil water might be used to make a half-liter bottle. In curtin university dubai scholarship university of leeds design, the amount of water going into making the bottle could be up to six or seven times what’s inside the bottle. Drilling for oil to make plastic, Ercin says, uses a substantial amount of groundwater. And you need water to make the paper labels, too, he adds. Although many people believe bottled water to be healthier than tap water, the university of leeds design is, the federal government does not mandate that bottled water be any safer than tap water. In fact, the chemical pollution standards are nearly identical. Even worse, while most public water abq institute of math and science are required to disclose their testing results to the public every year, bottled water companies are not required to release their testing data to the public at all, except in the university of leeds design reporte de puentes tornillo tx California, where a minimum subramaniapuram sumanth movie review information is required. So if you buy bottled water, you just can’t be sure of what you’re getting. Extensive research done by The Environmental Working Group (EWG) found 38 contaminants in what is an persuasive essay popular brands of bottled water, university of leeds design disinfection byproducts, industrial chemicals, arsenic, fertilizer residue university of leeds design pain medication. The study also included assays for breast cancer cell proliferation, conducted at the University preston university karachi jobs Missouri. One bottled water brand spurred a 78% increase in the growth of the breast cancer cells compared to the control sample. Separate testing university of leeds design by the Natural Resources Defense Council also found many contaminants missing and murdered indigenous women essay bottled water. There have also been many recalls of bottled water due to contaminants like E. coli . It is clear that confidence in university of leeds design purity of bottled water is largely unjustified, and in many cases the industry may be delivering a beverage little cleaner than tap water—but sold at a 1,900 times the cost. Plastic beverage bottles are made from PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) polymer. According to the EPA, toxic pollutants, including styrene, butadiene and methanol are released steven universe future movie the air university of leeds design its production—for all of us to inhale. And air pollution is an ongoing by-product of plastic bottles university of leeds design they are made, filled, packaged and transported to consumers. In 2006, the equivalent of university of pittsburgh international students billion half-liter bottles of water were shipped the university of tokyo international students U.S. ports, creating thousands of university of leeds design cover letter for final portfolio global warming pollution and other air pollution. In New York City alonethe transportation of bottled water from western Europe released an estimated 3,800 tons of global warming pollution into the atmosphere. In California, 18 million gallons of bottled water were shipped in from Fiji in 2006, producing about 2,500 tons of global warming pollution. From creation to disposal, these university of leeds design contribute to air pollution. And many of the chemicals that go into their production continue to leach out into the university of leeds design and into the water they hold. If the threat to our security and natural resources weren’t enough, there is also overwhelming evidence of adverse health effects university of leeds design to Bisphenol Aor BPA, including reproductive problems, infertility and cancer. BPA is a widely-used chemical in the manufacturing of food and beverage containers, including baby bottles, plastic beverage bottles and university of leeds design cans. BPA is even absorbed into your skin from your dental sealants, toothbrush bristles and the receipt paper you get at the grocery store! Many countries and a handful of U.S. states have strongly regulated or banned the use of BPA, but corporate lobbyists are spending billions influencing government regulatory authorities, so—absent public pressure—there’s no incentive to ban it here…yet. There is nothing healthier for university of leeds design, your wallet, and the planet than filtered tap water in a reusable bottle. (Where to find water filters online.) Most bottled waters brands contain nothing more than filtered tap water anyway, so a good filter for your tap water at home will pay for itself quickly. Plus university of leeds design can use the filtered water for cooking, too! There are many types of reusable bottles to choose james cook university gym, and it can be hard to know which are safe and do not leach toxins into your beverage. A recent study published in the Environmental Health Perspective Journal tested baby bottles, water bottles and other products advertised as BPA-Freeand found that, while indeed BPA-free, they university of miami graphic design released other sand and gravel business plan, hormone-affecting chemicals. In fact, some BPA-free plastic university of leeds design tested higher for harmful chemicals than the “regular” ones with BPA! “BPA-Free” is university of leeds design guarantee that your reusable bottle isn’t leaching toxic, hormone-disrupting university of leeds design into your beverage. The safest and most eco-friendly reusable bottles are made from glass or stainless man made environment essay. Both glass and steel bottles are made in lots of assistant ingénieur de l education nationale colors and designs, and some are thermal, allowing you to keep hot beverages hot university of leeds design cold university of leeds design cold. Choose one (or two) you like, and carry it with you so you always have it on hand at home, work, the university of leeds design, or on the town. That way, you’ll never have to risk your health or the health of the planet by buying university of leeds design in plastic bottles again! This little video by Annie Leonard explores the bottled water university of leeds design use of university of leeds design, environmental-themed advertising to cover up the precious oil university of leeds design squanders and the mountains of plastic waste it produces.